Smart Glasses to Remotely Monitor COVID-19 Patients

The Covid-19 pandemic has led to the expansion of telemedicine, and as part of that expansion, faculty at the University of Louisville are piloting new smart glasses for advanced delivery of health care. “There is both an urgent and widespread need to not only treat patients but deliver expertise and training remotely and safely to both professionals and medical learners,” said Dr Brent Wright, associate dean for rural health innovation at the UofL School of Medicine, who has been working with various companies to explore a smart glasses solution for telemedicine since 2014.

R. Brent Wright, MD (Source: UofL)

Long-term care facilities and emergency departments represent two of the areas with greatest need for the glasses for direct physician care during the pandemic. The UofL Trager Institute, emergency medicine and psychiatry are part of a feasibility study to test the Vuzix M400 smart glasses.

“It is imperative that we find solutions for health care to continue for the vulnerable nursing home population in Kentucky,” said Dr Anna Faul, executive director and professor, UofL Trager Institute. “The use of smart glasses to provide real-time, expert geriatric care to residents of long-term care facilities is a huge step in increasing access to care, particularly during Covid-19. Each nursing home in our study will receive smart glasses that will allow for remote video consults with specialized medical providers and behavioral health experts without the need for the providers to enter the facilities and expose themselves and other patients to Covid-19.”

The concept is fairly straightforward. An advanced practice nurse practitioner or other health care professional working at an LTC facility will put on the web-connected glasses and dial-in with an attending physician through the Zoom conference platform. A camera and microphone are attached to the glasses, and the technology has the potential to display and obtain information for the physician to access remotely. The physician can see and interact directly with the LTC resident, providing immediate consultation and evaluation.

The glasses allow for ease of mobility and hands-free interaction for the on-site provider, an advantage over current standard telehealth delivery which requires computers and monitors to be transported from bed-to-bed on large carts. Additionally, data can be input into medical records hands-free, and can be controlled by voice-commands.

Smart glasses will support health care workers at five LTC facilities and one emergency department in Kentucky. UofL researchers will conduct a brief feasibility study related to the use of these six pairs of smart glasses. If the data is promising, the study will be extended. Once the pandemic has subsided, researchers hope to investigate the utility of usage for medical education.

“This technology holds great promise. UofL faculty are exploring how to transform health care and this is part of an innovative solution as we provide care and educate the next generation of physicians,” said Toni Ganzel, MD, dean of the UofL School of Medicine, and vice president for academic medical affairs.

Johns Hopkins ACCM’s Dr. Laeben Lester trying out a Vuzix headset for virtual rounding with Dr. Dalesio (Sources: HopkinsACCM / Vuzix)

“The pandemic has served as the catalyst for changing delivery of care. When you have to do things so rapidly and emergently, there is a call to be creative and innovative. Telemedicine allows us to share expertise while keeping a safe distance, and the smart glasses are very high-fidelity.

“The timing had to be right for this technology to become more accepted,” Wright said. “It will be big part of health care moving forward, even after this swell with the Covid-19 pandemic, and it will be exciting to see some of our current medical residents incorporate telemedicine into their future practices.”

And since most recently, another leading hospital’s team of doctors is successfully using the Vuzix M400 smart glasses to facilitate patient care: the Johns Hopkins Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine introduced smart glasses as part of a new program to provide secure hands-free telecommunication for training, monitoring patients and to conduct remote virtual rounds for adult patients in a newly converted ICU.

Wearing the Vuzix M400 smart glasses, clinicians are collaborating on appropriate medical treatments via video and audio streaming in real-time to remote audiences and experts, reducing exposure and conserving personal protection equipment during the Covid-19 pandemic.

“We are pleased to see the staff at the Johns Hopkins Hospital utilizing our M400 smart glasses to help them deliver remote training and monitor patients,” said Paul Travers, Vuzix’ president and CEO. (Sources: UofL / Vuzix / HopkinsACCM)

Links: School of Medicine, University of Louisville, Kentucky, USAJohns Hopkins Anesthesiology & Critical Care Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USAVuzix M400, Vuzix Corporation, Rochester, New York, USA

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