UK Photonics: The Hidden Economic Engine

Technologies based on generating, manipulating, and detecting light, known as photonics, are vital to a huge range of applications which impact on virtually all aspects of everyday life. Optical fibers form the physical infrastructure which powers the internet, LEDs deliver efficient and robust lighting solutions for signage, illumination, and high-performance displays, lasers cut, mark, and measure all manner of materials in the manufacturing of items ranging from airplanes to food – simply put, photonics is everywhere.

“UK Photonics: The Hidden Economic Engine” (Source: KTN / Future Photonics Hub / PLG)

However, despite its ubiquity, the seamless functionality provided by photonics, working away inside products, means that its crucial role often remains unseen and unacknowledged.

Nevertheless, photonics represents a significant UK industry, employing over 65,000 people and with the average employee generating £ 62,000 gross value added (GVA) for the UK economy each year. The UK is amongst Europe’s largest photonics manufacturers, the largest being Germany (40 %), sitting alongside France and the Netherlands in contributing between 9 – 14 % of the total € 69 B (£ 60 B) European photonics output.

The UK has been driving photonics innovation for over four centuries. Its reputation for transformative photonics technologies is globally recognized, reflected in the internationally esteemed science base and the 75 % of UK photonics manufacturing output exported, one of the highest export fractions of any UK manufacturing industry.

UK photonics will continue to deliver essential and life-changing functionality for all in the near future. Photonics is critical to realizing each of the four grand challenges identified in the Government’s industrial strategy, through enabling artificial intelligence and the data driven economy to clean growth, future mobility, and providing for an ageing society.

Key technologies such as a faster, more secure internet, reliable, accurate sensors for making autonomous vehicles safe, digital lasers for increasing productivity in manufacturing, and non-invasive, user-friendly healthcare tools to reduce the load on hospitals and primary care services all depend on photonics. The challenges therefore present a major opportunity for UK Photonics to come to the fore, demonstrating its strength in making these solutions a reality.

The report entitled “UK Photonics: The Hidden Economic Engine” was released by the Knowledge Transfer Network (KTN), the Future Photonics Hub, and the Photonics Leadership Group (PLG), expanding on figures reported in 2017. (Source: U. So’ton)

Reference: “UK Photonics: The Hidden Economic Engine”, KTN / Future Photonics Hub / PLG

Link: The Future Photonics Hub, Engineering and Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC), by University of Southampton & University of Sheffield, UK

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