Pfeiffer Vacuum developed vacuum solutions for European XFEL

The European X-Ray Free-Electron Laser (European XFEL) in Hamburg generates ultrashort X-ray flashes – 27,000 times per second and with a brilliance that is a billion times higher than that of the best conventional X-ray radiation sources. The flashes are produced in underground tunnels and will allow scientists to map atomic details of viruses, film chemical reactions, and study the processes in the interior of planets.

How Polymer Solar Cells Wear Out

X-ray analysis shows details of degradation of solar cells

Mirrors for Sharply Focusing X-Rays

Combination of four mirrors as the clue to control the focused spot size

How to Improve X-Ray Spectrometers

Swiss researchers improve an interferometry technique by utilizing the interference fringe

Fast Imaging Reveals Molecular Changes Involved in Vision

Tracking of the basic reaction of a protein responding to light

World’s Brightest X-Ray Laser Reaches Milestone

European XFEL: all 35 segments of first light-generating system installed

A Novel Source of X-rays for Imaging Purposes

Physicists at LMU Munich and the MPQ have validated a novel laser-driven means of generating bright and highly energetic X-ray beams

Designer Electronics Out of the Printer

Optimized printing process enables custom organic electronics

Scientists Tune X-rays with Tiny Mirrors

The secret of X-ray science – like so much else – is in the timing.